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Reconstruction Collapses. Chapter 12 Section 4 US History Mr. Love. The Grant Administration. Grant was commander of which force during the Civil War? Union Did Grant have much political experience? No What did he believe the role of the president to be? To carry out the laws.
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Reconstruction Collapses Chapter 12 Section 4 US History Mr. Love
The Grant Administration • Grant was commander of which force during the Civil War? • Union • Did Grant have much political experience? • No • What did he believe the role of the president to be? • To carry out the laws. • Who did he allow to develop national policy • Congress – what is the problem with this?
The Grant Administration • During Grant’s first administration, who controlled Congress? • Republicans • Republicans also kept ___ ___ which were taxes put on alcohol and tobacco. • Sin taxes • Liberal Republicans banded together with _____ to campaign against Grant. • Democrats • They nominated ____ ____. • Horace Greeley – Grant still wins the election easily!
The Grant Administration • Grant’s second term was filled with scandal. ___ ___, the Sec. of War was found to have accepted bribes from merchants. • William Belknap • The “___ ___” also tarnished his reputation when it was found that a group of distillers had filed false tax reports. Grant’s administration was involved. • Whiskey Ring
The Grant Administration • A panic started in 1873 when the powerful banking firm ___ ___ and ____ filed for bankruptcy. • Jay Cooke and Company • This wave of fear was known as the ___ of ___. • Panic of 1873 • In the 1874 midterm election, who was able to win control of the House of Reps? • Democrats
Reconstruction Ends • During the 1870’s, the South worked to regain its state and local gov’ts from the _____. • Republicans • The South also created groups to intimidate ____ and ___ and also resorted to voter fraud to gain power in the South. • African Americans and white Rep. voters • The Republican candidate in 1876 was ____ ____. • Rutherford B Hayes – wanted to end radical reconstruction • The Democratic nominee was ____ ____. • Samuel Tildon – neither side won a majority of electoral votes.
Reconstruction Ends • Who was the winner of the election? • Hayes • This “deal” is known as what? • The Compromise of 1877. – why? • It has been argued that Republicans told the south that they would remove troops from the south if they let Hayes be President. • Does Hayes pull the troops from the South? • Yes he does.
A New South Arises • The “New South” focused on have a strong _____ economy. • Industrial • Paying rent for the land they farm is called a ____ ____. • Tenant farmer • Many tenant farmers eventually became ______. • Sharecroppers – having to pay with a large majority of their crops. • ___ ____ trapped sharecroppers to the land because they could not pay the high rent costs. • Debt Peonage